Saturday, March 1, 2014

52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks: #9 Emily Pugh

Life could not have been easy for my great-grandmother, Emily Pugh. She was only  53 years old when she died 20 January 1913 in Owen Sound. According to the obituary of "Mrs. Iles", after several years of illness, she died from dropsy, [1] now referred to as edema (the swelling of tissue due to excess water). According to her death registration, she had suffered from mitral stenosis for four years. [2] "The mitral valve separates the upper and lower chambers on the left side of the heart. Stenosis is a condition in which the valve does not open fully, restricting blood flow. Mitral stenosis is a disorder in which the mitral valve does not open fully."  Her dropsy would be one of the symptoms of the Mitral stenosis. Today, she may have been able to be helped. Had she ever had rheumatic fever or poorly treated strep throat or scarlet fever that might have resulted in her having this health problem? [1]

In Emily's obituary, it says the boys:  Harold, Albert and Emmanuel were living at home. It is interesting to note that the youngest, Lillian (Lily) who hadn't yet had her thirteenth birthday is listed as of Owen Sound. Had she gone to live with an older sister when her mother became very ill or was she still at home?[2]

 The Salvation Army Ensign conducted the funeral services at their home on 9th Avenue East, at the Salvation Army Barracks on 3rd Avenue East near 10th Street and at Greenwood Cemetery where she was buried. [2] (lot 104 Range 6, North East Section) On her grave is the word "mother" on a flat marker. There is no other marker to show where she is buried. [3]

The Salvation Army Band, possibly led by her son William, bandmaster, accompanied the funeral cortege. The Salvation Army songsters were present at the graveyard service. Had they walked from the home down the hill to the barracks and then through the valley and up the "cemetery" hill to the cemetery (a distance of about 5.2 km or  3.2 mi if they took a direct route)? [4]

So what is known about Emily? She was born in July 1860 in the Maugersbury Workhouse, near Stow-on-the-Wold, Gloucestershire.  Her mother, Hannah Pugh and 11 year old sister, Mary Ann were living in the Workhouse. [5] Hannah saw to it that her daughter was baptized but no birth registration has been found.
Emily PUGH, baptised August 17th 1860, daughter of Hannah PUGH, in the Workhouse, parish of Donnington, by J.A.HILL, Chaplin of the Workhouse. [6]
 No mention is given of her father's name. Was Hannah a single mother?

 So let's go back before Emily's birth.

 On 13 May 1850, Hannah Cowley, daughter of Thomas Cowley married Charles Pugh, son of Alexander Pugh in King Sutton's Parish Church, Brackley Northhamptonshire. [Hampshire] [7] On the 4 September 1850, Hannah gave birth to a little baby girl, Mary Ann at Donnington. [8]

 At the time of the 1851 census, Hannah Pugh and one year old Mary Ann are found with Hannah's father, a widower, Thomas Cowley, in the hamlet of Donnington, Gloucestershire. Hannah had also been born there.[9] Sometime, between 1851 and 1860 Hannah and daughter, Mary Ann moved to the Maugersbury Workhouse. [10] Did Thomas Cowley die? What happened to Charles Pugh?

 Emily was born in July 1860 and we find the three Pughs in 1861 at the time of the census living in the Workhouse. [11]

  When Emily was five years old, her mother, on 7 October 1865,  married William Clifford
1865 marriage solemnized in the Baptist Chapel in Stow on the Wold in the District of Stow on the Wold in the County of Gloucester & Worcester no. 192 Seventh day of October 1865 William Clifford age 40 years, widower, labourer, residence Lower Swell, father Daniel Clifford, Mason to Hannah Pugh, age 39 years, widow, residence Lower Swell, father Thomas Cowley, labourer [12]

How did Hannah Pugh meet William Clifford? This is not known for sure; however, the 1851 census, shows William Clifford at household #4 and Hannah and Mary Ann Pugh and Thomas Cowley at household #14 in the hamlet of Donnington. [13] They may have known each other before the death of William's wife.

In 1871, the census taker lists Emily as a Clifford. Living in the household are William, Hannah, Austin, 14, Emily, 11, and Sarah, 4. [14] Austin would be Emily's step-brother. Sarah would be Emily's half-sister.

 Ten years later, Emily is shown on the 1881 census, still with her mother and stepfather but now in Broadwell. She is working as a servant. Her relationship to the head of household is given as grand-daughter.  She is not listed as Clifford but Pew (indexed as Rew). This piece of information was found in my early research and through me off track for a while. What most interesting about this find was that George Illes [sic], a young agricultural labourer was a visitor in the household. [15]

Several months later, Emily and George married  15 October 1881. At the time of her marriage, 22-year old Emily is listed as a spinster and that  she was unemployed. Her father, on her marriage registration is given as Charles Pugh deceased.
Their marriage took place in Stow-on-the-Wold, County of Gloucester & Worchester, England,  at the Baptist Church in the District of Stow-on-the-Wold.   Both living at Stow-on-the-Wold. Chas. M. Rawlings, Minister Witnesses: "X" the mark of Austin Clifford and Sarah Clifford [16]
Throughout their married life they moved often. The census records and the places of birth of the children give some of the locations where they lived.

 Emily gave birth to their first daughter, Edith Emily Iles on 21 February 1883 on Bourton-on-the Hill, Gloucestershire. [17] Two years later, she gave birth to my grand-father, William George Iles on 1 February 1885 at Littleworth, Naunton, Gloucestershire. [18]  Emily had her second daughter, Alice Iles in Bidford, Alcester, Warwickshire on 6 January 1888. [19]

 Next, Emily gave birth to Ethel Iles in Aston Clinton, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire 17 April 1890.  [20] It appears that they stayed in the Aylesbury area as they are living there at the time of the 1891 census. [21] While living there, Emily gave birth to Albert Valentine Iles on 14 February 1892. [22]

 When Emily gave birth to Emmanuel James Iles on 8 June 1895, they were back living in Gloucestershire, but now in Cheltenham. [23] Emily gave birth to another son, Harold Edward Iles 28 October 1897 in the same place. [24]

 Emily had her last child, a baby girl, Lillian Ruth Iles on 5 March 1900 in Aston, Birmingham, Warwickshire. [25] Over a period of 17 years, Emily had eight children who all lived to adulthood.

 They were enumerated in the 1901 census in Birmingham. This would be the last time they would appear on an English census. Emily still had most of her family at home from the little ones at home to William who was now working. [26]

 Emily's eldest son, William George Iles married Emily Lily Dudley on 27 January 1903. [27] Emily's mother, Hannah died 7 March 1903 in Stow-on-the-Wold of bronchitis and cardiac failure at the age of 75 years.  [28] Emily became a grandmother the following year, when William and Lily had a daughter Edith May Iles on 28 May 1904. [29]

 Emily, her children, daughter-in-law, Emily Lily, and her grand-daughter set sail on board The Quebec at Liverpool, England on 27 April 1905. They arrived in Montreal Quebec on the 7 May 1905. George is not listed in either the outbound or inbound passenger listings.  They were bound for Owen Sound. [30] If the 1911 census of Ontario is correct, George may have come out to Canada in 1903.

Was life better for the family in Canada?

update to posting: on the 25th of March 2014, a first cousin gave me a picture that has been identified as Emily Iles nee Pugh. At last, I can see what she looked like.
 --
[1]Emily Iles obituary, "Death of Mrs. Iles", 24 January 1913, Owen Sound Sun, p. 7
[2] Emily Iles Ontario death registration #15157 (1913), microfilm, MS 935 Reel 186, Archives of Ontario, Toronto
[3] MedlinePlus "Mitral Stenosis" (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000175.htm : accessed 28 February 2014)
 [4] Maugersbury Workhouse, entry for Hannah Pugh, Mary Ann and Emily Pugh, 1861 Census of England, Maugersbury, Stow-on-the-Wold
[5] Email re baptism from a person on the Rootsweb mailing list who went to the Gloucester Record office and looked up the records for Stow-in-the-Wold for the baptism of Emily Pugh.
[6] Hannah Cowley - Charles Pugh marriage registration #110 (13 May 1850, Parish church in the Parish of King's Sutton in the County of Northampton, certified copy of an entry of marriage, in the Registration District of Brackley, General Register Office
[7] Mary Ann Pugh birth registration #226, (1 October 1850) Stow on the Wold, Counties of Gloucester and Worcester, General Register Office certified copy
[8] Thomas Cowley 1851 census of England, Donnington, Stow-on-the-Wold, County of Gloucester, Class: HO107; Piece: 1970; Folio: 289;  Page ; GSU roll: 87370; digital image, Ancestry.ca (http://www.ancestry.ca : accessed 1 March 2014)
[9] Maugersbury Workhouse, entry for Hannah Pugh, Mary Ann and Emily Pugh, 1861 Census of England, Maugersbury, Stow-on-the-Wold
[10]Maugersbury Workhouse, entry for Hannah Pugh, Mary Ann and Emily Pugh, 1861 Census of England, Maugersbury, Stow-on-the-Wold
[11] Hannah Pugh - William Clifford marriage registration #172 (7 October 1865), Baptist Chapel Stow on the Wold, Counties of Gloucester & Worcester, certified copy of an entry of marriage, General Register Office
[12] William Clifford and Thomas Cowley household, 1851 census of England, Donnington, Stow-on-the-Wold, County of Gloucester, Class: HO107; Piece: 1970; Folio: 289; Page: 1 Clifford, Page 4 Cowley; GSU roll: 87370; digital image, Ancestry.ca (http://www.ancestry.ca : accessed 1 March 2014)
[13] William Clifford household, 1861Census of England, Gloucestershire,  Donnington, Stow on the Wold ED 5, folio 92, p. 20, household, 20; microfilm 542868, Family History Library, Salt Lake City
[14] William Clifford household, 1871 Census of England, Gloucestershire, Donnington, RG10/2655 Stow on the Wold. ED 5. folio 97. p. 21. household 22; digital image Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.co.uk)
[15]William Clifford household, 1881 census of England, Gloucestershire, Broadwell, RG 11/2563, ED 5, folio 84, p. 18; microfilm 1341618, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.
[16] Emily Pugh - George Iles marriage registration. #86 (15 October 1881), Baptist Chapel, Stow-on-the-Wold, County of Gloucester and Worcester, a certified copy of an entry of marriage from the General Register Office.
[17] Edith Emily Iles birth registration, #40 (5 February 1883), Moreton in Marsh, Shipston on Stour, Counties of Worcester, Warwick & Gloucester, certified copy of an entry of birth, General Register Office
[18] William George Iles birth registration, #20 (28 February 1885), Bourton-on-the-Water, Stow-on-the-Wold, County of Gloucester, certified copy of an entry of birth, General Register Office
[19] Alice Iles birth registration #168 (6 February 1888), Bidford, Alcester, County of Warwick, certified copy of an entry of birth, General Register Office
[20] Ethel Iles birth registration #341 (18 April 1890), Aylesbury, County of Buckingham, certified copy of an entry of birth, General Register Office
[21] George Iles household, 1891 census of England,  Aylesbury, St. Mary, Buckinghamshire, RG 12/1145, Aylesbury, ED4, Folio 78, p. 28; microfilm 6096255, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
[22] Albert Valentine Iles birth registration, #66 (22 March 1892), Aylesbury, County of Buckingham, certified copy of an entry of birth, General Register Office
[23] Emmanuel James Iles birth registration #207 (11 July 1895), Cheltenham, County of Gloucester, certified copy of an entry of birth, General Register Office
[24] Harold Edward Iles birth registration #488 (6 December 1897), Cheltenham, County of Gloucester, certified copy of an entry of birth, General Register Office
[25]Lillian Ruth Iles birth registration, #350 (14 April 1900) Deritend, Aston, County of Birmingham, certified copy of an entry of birth, General Register Office
[26] George Iles household, 1901 Census of England, Aston, St. Andrew, Birmingham,Warwickshire, RG 13/2865 Aston Deritend, Folio 30, Page 13, household 79; digital image, Ancestry.com
[27] William George Iles - Emily Lily Dudley marriage registration #146 (26 January 1903), Register Office, District of Aston, County of Birmingham, certified copy of an entry of marriage in the Registration District of Aston, General Register Office
[28] Hannah Clifford death registration #82 (7 March 1903), Stow on the Wold, Counties of Gloucester and Worcester, certified copy of an entry of death, General Register Office
[29] Edith May Iles birth - family information
[30] Ancestry.com. Canadian Passenger Lists, 1865-1935 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Original data: Library and Archives Canada. Passenger Lists, 1865-1935. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Library and Archives Canada, n.d. RG 76-C. Department of Employment and Immigration fonds
[31] George Iles household, 1911 census of Canada, Ontario Grey North (district 73), Derby Township (district 6), Enumeration District 4, dwelling 83, family 87, line 4, p. 9; digital image, Library and Archives Canada, Canadian Genealogy Centre (http://collectionscanada.ca/genealogy : accessed 11 April 2008), citing LAC microfilm T-20373



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